While the world was focused on the United States and the new president taking office, on the other side of the Atlantic, big changes were underway in an allied country. The Turkish parliament managed to pass controversial constitutional amendments. The two-round voting on the changes agreed to by the ruling AKP and nationalist MHP parties earned enough votes to carry the decision to the final stage: a vote by the people. The second round of voting lasted until after midnight and into the early hours of the morning. Even though the government refuses to say this vote will change Turkey, it will. The amendments give all the power to one person, with almost no accountability. The Turkish-style presidency, as the AKP likes to market it, would be a malfunctioning structure that is going to remove whatever is left of the instruments of democracy. The two-round voting took less than two weeks. The extremely technical and radical changes were barely mentioned in public. Besides some populist statements, citizens had little insight into what was being discussed in parliament and how this would influence their lives in the long run. The fact that the constitutional change has been brought before parliament during a state of emergency also raises questions as to why the government is so eager to make such quick changes. Should it not focus all its energy and attention on lifting the state of emergency and eliminating the instability and terror in the country? Instead, the AKP and MHP are busy changing structures that require thorough discussion and examination.
Now, the people will have the final say. But there are three important factors that are going to influence what comes out of the box.
First, will the people have enough information to make an informed decision? Pro-government media outlets continue to feed biased news and populism continues to be on the rise. Opposition voices have already started campaigning against state propaganda. In order to succeed, their performance will have to be better than any election campaign they’ve ever put together and they will also have to unite. They did not manage this after the June 2015 elections, which carried AKP to the place it currently enjoys.
Second, what will happen about the security situation in the country? Continuing terror attacks, involvement in Syria and the feeling of insecurity among citizens continue to be important issues. When the AKP regained a majority in November 2015, it promised to end terrorist attacks and bring back stability. More than one year later, this is obviously not the case. But will the people hold Erdogan accountable?