President Jose Eduardo dos Santos’ ruling party has won 73 percent of the national vote assuring his government, in power for 32 years, another five years in power. With 85 percent of the votes counted from Friday’s poll, the state election commission said Sunday that the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola, or MPLA, has gained a large majority. The MPLA will control Angola’s 220 seat legislature, but the party’s margin of victory is down from the 82 percent that it won in 2008. The largest opposition party, UNITA, won 18 percent of the vote, nearly twice its share from 2008. And newcomer party, CASA-CE, gained five percent. Both opposition parties criticized the elections for not being free and fair.
The elections were largely peaceful and relatively well-organized in this former Portuguese colony of 21 million that is Africa’s second largest oil producer, according to a diplomatic observer. “We didn’t witness one single case of coercion of intimidation. People voted freely throughout the country,” Leonardo Simao, chief of the observing mission of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, or CPLP, told The Associated Press. He said the turnout of 57 percent of the 9 million eligible voters was good, particularly among women and youths, and that the voting process went smoothly. “If there are people who have witnessed wrongdoings or violations of the law, they should use legal procedures to bring forward their grievances,” Simao said.
The African Union observers declared the election to be “free, just, transparent and credible,” said Pedro Pires, chief of the mission, although he noted that opposition parties did not have equal access to the state media and Angolans living abroad could not vote. Others, however, were more critical of the election process.