Like the United States, Costa Rica is a constitutional republic and has been since 1949. Like the United States, Costa Rica holds presidential elections every four years. Costa Rica held its presidential election on Feb. 2. What is different from the United States is that Costa Rica had 13 candidates running for president, four of them top contenders. I was in Costa Rica for the three weeks during the run-up to the election and everywhere I went I saw people driving by with their favorite party’s flags flying — green and white for the National Liberation Party (PLN), red and yellow for the Citizen’s Action Party (PAC), yellow for the Broad Front (FA) and red and white for the Libertarian Movement (ML). In the streets, people wore shirts of their party’s colors and enthusiastically waved flags. Trucks drove through neighborhoods playing music, blasting slogans and encouraging people to vote. Newspapers ran articles extolling their favorites and interviewing candidates and supporters.
The day of the election, folding tables were set up outdoors at election sites and people came out with their children and families. Music was playing, refreshments were being sold and cars clogged the narrow streets. It was a festive, partylike atmosphere. This went on until the close of election at 6 p.m., when everybody went home to wait for the results on TV.
The next day, the results showed that none of the four top contenders had garnered the requisite 40 percent of the vote to be elected president. Now there will be a runoff in April between the top two candidates, Johnny Araya of the PLN, the party currently in power, and Luis Solis, the dark horse candidate of the PAC. (Neither of these contenders is a politician of the far left.)
What is so interesting about this picture? This is Central America! Before the election, there were no government employees taking photos of opposing candidates, no phony demonstrations for candidates who are surreptitiously hated and no violence between military and guerrillas.