Any day now, the U.S. Supreme Court may decide a case that could change how Ohio removes people from voter rolls. The court heard arguments in Husted v. A. Philip Randolph Institute in January. Federal law lays out a process for taking people’s names off the registered voter list if they have moved to a new address and haven’t updated election officials. Ohio is one of several states to begin the removal process if voters skip elections and don’t have other contact with their local election board. … Under federal law, state election officials can send a forwardable confirmation mailer to the address asking if the voter still lives there. A voter can send the card back in either to confirm that they do, or to update their address. If state officials don’t receive any response, federal law requires them to wait four years. If the voter doesn’t cast a ballot or update their address, they can be taken off the rolls.
… Different states have different ways of deciding when to send a confirmation mailer. One common way is to look to U.S. Postal Service change-of-address data. Ohio does look to this as part of its voter roll maintenance process.
But Ohio has also followed what it calls the “supplemental process.”
If someone hasn’t engaged in any voter activity for two years—no voting or updating information with the board of elections—Ohio can send a confirmation mailer. Four years later, if there’s still been no voting, the voter can be removed.