If the average citizen is looking forward to the day when ballots can be cast on the Internet in the same manner in which people buy groceries and pay bills, they’ll have to be patient — it’ll be a while. While online voting has been deployed in small and specific cases (largely for absentee or military voters), serious security concerns exist about the integrity of online voting. “We believe that online voting, especially online voting in large scale, introduces great risk into the election system by threatening voters’ expectations of confidentiality, accountability and security of their votes and provides an avenue for malicious actors to manipulate the voting results,” said Neil Jenkins, an official in the Office of Cybersecurity and Communications at the Department of Homeland Security, according to an article in The Washington Post.
While online voting on a massive scale remains out of reach, some parts of the voting process have moved online significantly in many states.
One area in particular where states have made progress is with shifting the voter registration process online. According to the Brennan Center for Justice, at least 34 states allow citizens to look up their voter registration information online; a whopping 38 states currently or soon will offer online voter registration.