Libya’s National Transitional Council (NTC) has set out steps leading to democratic elections monitored by the United Nations within 18 months.
The plan goes into effect with a “declaration of liberation” which the NTC has not defined precisely, though NTC chairman Abdel Mustafa Jalil told reporters the conditions for such a declaration included the capture or death of Muammar Gaddafi.
The NTC’s Constitution Declaration for governing during the transitional period sets out the main guidelines for the way the country is to be overseen as it emerges from six months of war.
Libya is a democratic, independent state with Tripoli its capital, Islam its religion, sharia, Islamic law as the main source of legislation and Arabic as its official language. The rights of minority groups and all sections of society are guaranteed.
The state will establish a democratic political system based on political and party pluralism aiming for a peaceful, democratic transition of power.
All Libyans are equal before the law and are not discriminated against because of religion, faith, language, wealth, gender, ancestry, political views, social status or tribal, group or family affiliation.
The state guarantees freedom of opinion and expression, as well as freedom of the press and peaceful protests.
The state guarantees the right to form political parties, societies and civil society organizations. The formation of secret or armed societies, or societies that do not comply with public order shall not be permitted.
GOVERNANCE IN THE TRANSITIONAL PERIOD
The NTC is the highest authority. It is made up of representatives of local councils who are chosen to reflect population density.
The NTC will be based in Tripoli and will appoint an Executive Office – or interim government – consisting of a head and members to run specific portfolios. The Executive Office is responsible to the NTC for implementing NTC policy.
The NTC will set up an audit bureau that will monitor revenues and expenses and ensure funds are properly used.
Full Article: Libya’s new rulers set out steps to elections | Reuters.