Four top party leaders have been tried and sentenced to either death or life imprisonment on charges of war crimes linked to the war. Several others, including the party’s secretary general, Motiur Rahman Nizami, are still on trial.
The party was banned after Bangladesh’s independence in 1971 for its alleged role in the mass killings and atrocities. The ban was lifted in 1976, a year after Bangladesh’s founding leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was slain in a military coup.
Jamaat is now an ally of former Prime Minister Khaleda Zia’s main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party, the main rival of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.