Globally, 26 countries conduct elections with one form of electronic voting or the other with some even allowing internet ballots for general elections. In 2014, Namibia joined the list becoming the first African country to conduct an e-voting election. Nigeria has made moves too. In 2017, the National Agency for Science and Engineering Infrastructure (NASENI), unveiled a solar-powered electronic voting machine that was reportedly made in Nigeria. Ever since this announcement, Nigerians have clamoured for electronic voting in the 2019 general elections but this may be a bad idea. Kaduna State recently made history when it pulled off Nigeria’s first electronic voting in its local government elections. Ironically, howbeit successful, Kaduna illustrates practical reasons Nigeria is not ready for e-voting in 2019.
… For general elections, the Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) as used in the Kaduna Local Government elections will not suffice as they are tied to PVC verifications.
This is because PVCs have ceased to be full security measures with reported cases of political parties buying them in rural areas, and registered underage voters. A combination of EVMs and biometric scanners are the only means of ensuring a near 100% free and fair general election with electronic voting.
These biometric scanners will ensure that only those present and accredited get to vote. And there are many options to choose from.